New imaging technique could help halt pre-term births

A new technique called electromyometrial imaging (EMMI) can display a colour-coded, three-dimensional picture of uterine contractions that may help doctors identify and prevent preterm labour.

A new technique called electromyometrial imaging (EMMI) can display a colour-coded, three-dimensional picture of uterine contractions that may help doctors identify and prevent preterm labour.

A team of Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis used a sheep model to show that EMMI can reconstruct uterine electrical activation patterns from electrodes placed on the abdomen, and say the method could be safely used in the same way in humans.

3D colour-coded images and movies could enable researchers to identify the “uterine pacemaker” sites where contractions begin, and better understand the velocity, direction, and coordination of uterine contractions that contribute to labour resulting in preterm birth. The study was funded by the March of Dimes, a non-profit organisation for the health of moms and babies.

“We’ve got imaging techniques to allow doctors to study another muscular organ – the heart,” says Kelle H. Moley, MD, March of Dimes chief scientific officer. “Without even touching the heart, doctors can determine where each beat comes from, the direction in which it moves, how fast it moves, and much more. There are medications and interventions, such as ablation, that are commonly used to deal with heartbeats that are too slow or too fast. EMMI is a new way to study the pregnant uterus in a similar fashion, and we hope it will lead to the development of similar types of drugs and treatments to stop contractions that lead to preterm labour.”

Current uterine monitors for pregnant women cannot accurately measure the exact location of electrical initiation and location-specific patterns of uterine contractions. Dr. Moley says the study pushes for thinking about the uterus in a new way and determine whether 3-D imaging of the uterus and localisation of the foci of uterine contractions was even possible.